回顧~英文字典中字義旁的略語

好久沒用英文實體字典了嗎?

讓我們帶你一起回顧這些英文縮寫名詞所代表的意思。

以下你會找到這些看似熟悉卻有時不清楚地的縮寫名詞。這些都是很重要的註記,當查一個單字時,在單字的旁邊通常會有這些縮寫的英文,下次記得除了查意思之外,也要考慮到字的屬性跟如何運用在語句中喔。

如果您喜歡或覺得我們的分享資訊讓您有收穫,請幫忙按讚喔!(我們在臉書有粉絲頁)

Abbreviation英文略語表
英文縮寫 英文全名 中文含意 英文縮寫 英文全名 中文含意
adj. Adjective 形容詞 obj. objective 受格
adv. Adverb 副詞 pl. plural 複數
art. Article 冠詞 poss. possessive 所有格
aux. Auxiliary 助動詞 pp. past participle 過去分詞
comp. Comparative degree 比較級 ppr. present participle 現在分詞
conj. Conjunction 連接詞 prep. preposition 介係詞
def. art Definite article 定冠詞 pron. pronoun 代名詞
fem. Feminine 陰性 pt. past tense 過去式
gen. Genitive 所有格 rel. pron. relative pronoun 關係代名詞
indef. art. Indefinite article 不定冠詞 sing. singular 單數
interj. Interjection 感嘆詞 superl. superlative degree 最高級
mas. Masculine 陽性 v. verb 動詞
n. Noun 名詞 v.i. intransitive verb 不及物動詞
nom. nominative 主格 v.t. transitive verb 及物動詞

Time to revisit the abbrevations in your old dictionary!

Hi everyone,

Has it been a while for you to look up words in an actual, physically-printed dictionary (in the book form, of course)?

We have compiled and listed some of the most common dictionary abbreviations for you to review.  The abbreviations next to the word can make a difference in meaning and how you structure a sentence in a paragraph.  Without some understanding, a misused word form can cause problems in writing.  Be careful and understand the differences when checking out any word in a dictionary!

Let us know if you have any feedback. We will be glad to hear from you.

As always, we would like to be helpful.  If you like our blog post, please like this post or follow us.  Thank you!

 

Abbreviation

Abbreviated Form Original Term Abbreviated Form Original Term
adj. Adjective obj. objective
adv. Adverb pl. plural
art. Article poss. possessive
aux. Auxiliary pp. past participle
comp. Comparative degree ppr. present participle
conj. Conjunction prep. preposition
def. art Definite article pron. pronoun
fem. Feminine pt. past tense
gen. Genitive rel. pron. relative pronoun
indef. art. Indefinite article sing. singular
interj. Interjection superl. superlative degree
mas. Masculine v. verb
n. Noun v.i. intransitive verb
nom. nominative v.t. transitive verb

 

So, you are unsure about farther or further?

Hi everyone, this is Chris from Creative Consulting.

I notice quite a few people mixed up the two words and often stumble upon which word they should choose in their writing, so I am here to give you more ideas about it.

Both farther and further mean “a long distance,” but they do have more interpretation for what they are referring to.  I have compiled and listed some details below.

 

Further

Further is defined as something that is additional, or to a greater extent or degree in the adjective form.  Further quite often implies figurative or an unknown distance.  In the verb form, further suggests to forward or advance a cause, such as further a discussion.  Yet, you will not write “I farther a discussion.”

Tip

When using further as an adverb, you may substitute the word moreover or additionally for further to check if the sentence makes sense.

Example

He cannot go further anymore because his legs are hurt. (as an adverb)

I write a scientific research paper to further elaborate on the topic of space travel. (as a verb)

The further away you are from home, the more you will miss your parents. (as an adjective)

Without further delay, Sam drives to the train station immediately. (as an adjective)

 

Farther

Farther is identified as an actual measurable distance.  It suggests physical distance or length.  Farther is also the comparative form of the word far.

when farther is an adjective, its comparative form is farther or further.  As for the superlative form, you can guess it can be either farthest or furthest.  Notice that the words farther and farthest are getting less common in the usage of American English,  as more writers are using further and furthest in their writing.  Anyhow, they can be used interchangeably in the United States.

Example

The book is placed farther than the pen. (as an adverb)

This project is not going farther without the support from the government. (as an adverb)

Los Angeles is farther south than San Francisco. (as an adjective)

He went on a farther route to meet with his father. (as an adjective)

 

Finally, I learned that the subtle difference between the two words does not apply in British English.  You might want to double check on the usage when you are in the U.K.

So there you have it.  I hope you enjoy our discussion here.  If you have any feedback or a case in mind, please let us know how we can help you.  Have a great day!